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Will Perkins V reverse these trends and convince career-minded millennials and older adults of the potential value of a CTE pathway over a conventional and expensive degrees? Based on national data from , some patterns stand out:. More research is warranted but this snapshot suggests that that CTE students see themselves as viable to enter either the workplace or college classroom. They can also be exceedingly pragmatic and calculated in how they make decisions about their postsecondary options. For starters, postsecondary and sub-baccaleraute programs should continue to eliminate the social stigma sometimes associated with CTE.

Precisely when conventional degree programs may stumble under the weight of spiraling costs, CTE pathways could attract more learners who recognize that a sub-baccalaureate credential, when closely tied to a specific skill set and industry, can provide greater financial stability and an onramp to eventual degree attainment. Secondly, CTE programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels should continue to adapt to support fast-growing industries.

Our recent Wake-Up Call exploring wind energy revealed a greater demand for turbine technicians rather than engineers over the next 30 years.

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This does not translate into lower demand for civil engineering, but suggests that lower-cost, wholly transactional training programs can fill an important niche. Finally, more colleges should recgonize the value of dual enrollment programs to build sustainable pathways from high school to postsecondary. Many CTE programs already have proven their viability as providers of dual enrollment credits and models of outcomes-driven assessment.

It would be timely and relevant for more colleges to leverage CTE programs in order to reduce enrollment friction and lower costs as students transition from one period of their lives to the next. As four-year public and private institutions ponder their future in an age of declining enrollment, a sharper focus on CTE programming may help them bolster and diversify their appeal to working adults and non-traditional learners.

Throughout the year, we analyze these vendors and products and make that content available to clients. Several vendors have multiple products in their education technology portfolios. The Landscape image will also be featured in our full Landscape report later this year. The current state of the U. MBA market can best be compared to your average glacier: large, slowly decreasing in size, and leaving a mark when it recedes.

Amazon Prime Day came and went on July 15th, and by most accounts, it left smiling faces around the globe.

Rethinking school turnaround: A familiar story takes a new turn

California Assemblyman Kevin McCarty has a long record of advocating for improvements in public education, criminal justice reform, and improved access to health care. He has also become an important actor in a new drama designed to introduce new regulations for OPMs Working to Learn or Learning to Work? Thanks but No Thanks. Consequently, all the Pat Shalas and Azad Schools were closed down on one or die other pretexts but interestingly the religious seminaries continued to exist. It is now understandable why die religious seminaries were allowed to work.

They were not English but they were as foreign to the Indian culture as die modem schooling system. The national leadership of die decolonized countries who were aware of the process designed their educational system in the light of dieir own cultural values and languages while incorporating modem trends. They revised the policies, restructured the curricula and developed their own methods of teaching in tandem with dieir identity, culture and worldview but those who relied on the colonial paradigm of education not only lost all these precious assets but lagged behind in research, creation of new knowledge and critical faculties.

There emerged two extremes in such societies—those who followed everything 56 Scanned by CamScanner lhat comes from the west and those who rejected everything that is new.

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In case of Pakistan, political power came to the former but lhe power wielders made sure that the other extreme - religions extremists - are manipulated to the advantage of those who hold power. The economic, political and social institutions were formed to give power either to the former or the latter and the schooling offered by both the extremes perpetuate the status quo. The 'culture of silence' was an inevitable consequence. This culture comes about when people are manipulated through different techniques to accept the interpretation of a reality imposed by a person or a group.

Participation of common people in the activities and institutions of state and society becomes non-existent. The motive behind developing this culture is to maintain the status quo for vested interests. This is anathema to the basic concepts of freedom and democracy. This requires a shift of the whole paradigm. Cosmetic treatment of the issue has done more bad than good to the whole structure and system of education in Pakistan.

The students have to compete in the global market.

Otherwise the people will remam disempowe as they were in the colonial era. Construction of a Jihadi Mindset Tire fact that a sizeable number of children and youth recruited by religious militant organisations to conduct terror attacks in Pakistan are between 14 to 19 years and are a product of both the religious and public education systems in the country should be reason enough to revamp these educational systems. Considering the present curricula, teaching methods and learning culture in elementary and secondary schools in particular and higher education in general, it is not surprising that there is confusion about the objectives of the ideological paradigm of the well-coordinated and well- networked jihadist movement in Pakistan.

The ideological paradigm of the jihadist network in Pakistan is, however, clear enough: it justifies the formation, regimentation and militarization of non-state groups that are bent upon eradicating the socio-cultural, political, economic and state capital of Fata, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Baluchistan and other parts of Pakistan. The jihadist network in Pakistan feeds on the Jihadi mindset that is nurtured by the elementary. The Jihadi mindset, like other extremist belief systems, feeds on a rigid, inflexible, isolationist and myopic worldview.

The curricula, methods of teaching and the teaching-learning environment in the elementary and secondary educational system in Pakistan perpetuate a culture of silence on the one hand and status consciousness, feudal behaviour and a morbid individuality on the other. Over the past several decades, the majority of yoimg men and women in Pakistan have been heavily influenced by the curricula, teaching methods, and learning environment in madrassahs and schools to adopt a one-dimensional approach to reality.

This denies them creative space within the pedagogical system. It also increases the probability of their becoming Jihadi recruits. A cursory look at the curricula of social sciences, history, Islamic studies and other subjects taught in elementary and secondary schools shows an emphasis on creating what is perceived as the Muslim ummah through manipulation of historical reality, glorification of Mushm monarchs, hatred of other beliefs and the perpetuahon jihadist ideology.

Content on peace education, environment and life skills has yet to find its way into Pakistan's public education curricula.


This kind of content alienates the young minds from humane values that are the result of a long civilizational evolution. It denies young minds the skills to evaluate a process critically. The denial of space for student participation in the classroom, the absence of encouragement to question established ideals and the lack of initiatives for basic skill development largely define a typical classroom in an elementary or secondary school in Pakistan.

Debate and discussion on an established ideal are usually banned in the classroom. The lack of teaching strategies to develop skills to construct a reasonable argument leads to the students adopting a subjective approach in almost all spheres of life. This process defeats the process of critical thinking among the students on the one hand, and constructs a mindset that is unwilling to accommodate ideas of diversity and pluralism on the other.

The learning environment of the majority of elementary and secondary public schools across Pakistan depicts a Scanned by CamScanner Education and Society culture in which a predilection for shortcuts to 'achievements' is effectively nurtured. This atHtude is manifests itself in the shape of plagiarism that we find among the university students of Pakistan. The behavioural system adopted in one's formative years thus becomes an integral part of adulthood. Rarely are strategies adopted to make students aware of their indigenous knowledge base or to give them the confidence to build on this.

In such an environment, natural curiosity is usually the first victim. Segregation and discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity, religion and socio-economic class divide define the attitude and conduct of the faculty and management of schools across the length and breadth of Pakistan. Activities that nurture innovation among studen s ave yet to find a place in the learning culture. Art, music and culture never find room in our public education system. It is high time that we not only revisit the policy contours of our educational system but also make sure that young minds are taught to value critical thinking and develop a positive attitude towards diversity, show curiosity, a desire to explore knowledge and critically examine established ideals.

Building a Culture of Research in Pakistani Universities The issue of developing a research culture is of profound significance in the context of the global knowledge-based economy. To initiate a dialogue on the causes, sources and the lack of a research culture not only in the institutes of higher learning in Pakistan but the society we are living in, academics and scholars need to investigate our backwardness in a scenario where the number of research papers published in a small country like Switzerland is far more than the number of research papers published in all Islamic countries put together.

Rethinking Higher Ed: A Case for Adaptive Learning

The issue should be of great concern for all who have a say in the management and administration of the institutes of higher learning in Pakistan. Irrespective of the debate whether research done is pure, theoretical, applied or practical, a research culture unconditionally encourages analysis, inquiry and creativity, though hypothetical polemics can hardly be termed research. Questions like how many angels can stand on the sharp end of a needle or whether the tree beneath which Mariam sat bore fruit or who ate the flesh 63 Scanned by CamScanner Eduction.

Critical Discourse ami Society of the lamb sacrificed by Hazrat Ibrahim or whether the body of Holy Prophet was 'Noor' or 'flesh' or should Ameen be sounded aloud or silent in prayers, lead towards divisive sectarianism because these questions were related more or less to the power distribution among groups in the orthodox, medieval ages.

The spirit of genuine inquiry is absent in such mental gymnastics. More recently, the questions about the nature of the body of the prophet has led to tire creation of Deobandis and Barelvis sects while the question of sounding Ameen in prayers has led to the creation of the Ahl-e-Hadith sect. In due course of time, such hypothetical polemics usually ends up in stagnancy of thought while the generation of new ideas research needs fertility of thought processes.

Genuine research arises out of the researcher's irresistible curiosity about the universal manifestations and the individual and collective existence and condition of man. Questions about the existence, functions, relationships and effects of universal elements have been raised in the context of basic sciences.

The work of a number of scholars, including Muslim pioneers of repute, to answer these questions has given birth to not only the existing body of knowledge in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geology but has also helped us understand the phenomena of nature and secure more comforts in the world. This has also been mentioned in the Holy Quran as one of the distinctive features of believers, "and those are Momins who ponder over the creation of the earth and heavens". It has also helped create the existing body of knowledge in anthropology, economics, political science, history, literature, sociology and other subjects of social sciences and liberal arts.

Generally speaking, there are two factors - collective and individual - that encourage or discourage the culture of inquiry and the creation of new knowledge. On a collective level, a society has to be tolerant, free and flexible with supportive institutions to let the culture of research take roots and nourish.

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As a matter of fact every research is rational objective and logical. And that is why a society has to collectively and on institutional level ensure conditions that help inculcate, nourish and protect these values for the development of a genuine research culture. In an individual, it is the joy of new learning, the excitement of new knowledge and generating new ideas that prompts him to engage in serious investigation of unexplored realities of h e. This pleasure has is distinctly different from other sources of pleasure and this why some people him down offers of power and pelf to find time to engage in research. Agam, it is a fact that the number of individuals m a society not averse to freedom of thought and expression is often more.